How To Determine Skin Type?
Your ancestors and immediate parentage, through your genes, will have determined your skin color and the bone structure which gives faces their characteristics. Your skin may be pale, olive, or black — with variations on all three — and your race descends from one of the ancient world’s main four: Caucasian, Negro, Mongolian, and Australian. All these probably developed from a single origin and have interbred over the centuries, so the distinctive features of skull shape, hair type, and skin color have diminished and probably rarely exist now in pure form. Whatever your race, skin is usually divided into four types: oily, dry, a combination of the two and balanced, with two subsidiary categories, sensitive and blemished. The word ‘healthy’ in relation to skin means smooth skin that glows with color, is free of blemishes and is clean. This is the kind of skin you should have, and once you have discovered your skin type, provided you stick to a regular correct skin treatment routine (and the wonderful thing about skin is that it does respond to care and can be improved), it is the kind of skin you can have.
The oily skin comes from over-active sebaceous glands. It shines excessively, tends to break out and is the most likely candidate to suffer from acne. If you have oily skin you will probably also find you have enlarged pores and oily hair; you are also likely to be under twenty, after which hormones are more stable and skin often undergoes a change for the better. It is to your advantage that oily skin develops fewer wrinkles and stays looking younger longer.
Blemished skin usually results from the oily skin which has suffered from spots and acne and, in the worst cases, scarred permanently. It can also be the result of diseases like chickenpox and measles.
Dry skin tends to flake and has a matt texture with little or no shine. It is the result of dehydration — the sebaceous glands are sluggish, or the skin has been over-exposed to sun, wind and central heating. This type of skin rarely suffers from spots, and pores are hardly visible, but the condition doesn’t improve with age and wrinkles will appear early.
Sensitive skin is usually a consequence of dry skin, is often allergic to many cosmetics, tends to develop red patches from broken capillaries near the skin’s surface and cannot be exposed to direct sunlight. Certain foods, alcoholic drinks, stress, and emotional problems may also affect this type.
Combination skin usually has a T-shaped panel of oiliness down the center (across the forehead and down the middle and sides of the nose and mouth), with dry areas on cheeks and towards the hairline.
Balanced skin is what everyone would like to possess, but few do. The skin will appear fine-textured, smooth and well-colored, will rarely break out and will retain its youthful quality well, although it will probably become drier after thirty.